till, minimum tillage, stale seed bed, limited tillage)
drilling is what we do when we are attempting to cut down ton tillage
while drilling in seed. We are able to practice direct drilling with
new understanding, herbicides, and experience gained.
successfully direct drilled the following crops in California in the
last 20 years: Rice, Wheat, Barley, oats, Alfalfa, Irrigated pasture,
Cover crops, Dryland pasture, Turf and Erosion control and wildlife
We have used a variety of
techniques in direct drilling crops.
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- Season change
Without using herbicides, direct drilling when winter crops are
maturing planting rice organically in the spring. Later harvesting the
winter crop over the top of the seedling rice crop.
- Grazing hard
Setting back existing pasture, and then
direct drilling new cool season or warm season grasses/legumes to
improve existing pasture.
- Converting existing pasture
to new improved pasture
Spraying with Round-Up herbicide killing existing pasture grasses and
direct drilling in new pasture.
- Stale Seed Bed
Planting rice into ground that had been prepared the fall before or
recently leveled. Using a herbicide to kill existing vegetation and
then direct drilling rice into field at 80-100 pounds per acre of dry
- Cover crop
Direct drilling new crop into standing cover crop (don't mow, as it can
plug drill) e.g. organic rice, sudangrass.
Direct drilling new seed and fertilizer into deep soils for long lived
clover and perennial grass pastures.
stands of alfalfa within a year of original planting- direct drilling
directly after harvest of hay. Herbicide may or may not be needed.
- Direct drilling pasture into
sudangrass stubble in the fall.
- Direct drilling sudangrass
into stubble of winter forage or hay crop.
unique climate allows us to do many different direct drilling jobs- so
we have learned from our mistakes over the past twenty years.